New York incumbent Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo looks over a crowd after giving a campaign speech in New York's Times Square, Monday, Nov. 3, 2014. He faces Republican challenger Rob Astorino in Tuesday's election. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)

Black and Hispanics Serve Port Authority a Class Action Lawsuit

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Agencies fail to meet intent of Civil Rights Act and 14th Amendment

Governor Andrew Cuomo, the New York Empire State Development Corporation and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and other state and federal agencies were served with a class action lawsuit in the Federal Court for the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn for failing to meet the intent and spirit of the Civil Rights Act and equal protection guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. The suit alleges that the agencies had not provided the required on-the-job training programs designed to lift disadvantaged and marginalized communities out of social and economic isolation.

The suit alleges that by relying solely on Minority Business Enterprise percentage goals the agencies have not complied with the mandates of the Civil Rights Act, and the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment and have failed to address the class recognized in the judge’s order in the Percy vs Brennan case. According to class representative Reginald Benjamin, a black unemployed carpenter, the intent of these rulings was to provide on-the-job training to assist disadvantaged communities, which are primarily black and Hispanic, in gaining equal access to job opportunities. “Skills and experience are the great equalizer,” Benjamin said. “LBJ, the father of the Civil Rights Act, understood that apprenticeship training was the only way to guarantee not just equality as a right and a theory, but equality as a fact and as a result.”

The class lives within commuting distance of the large public works projects which are under the sued agencies’ supervision. According to papers filed, as a condition of accepting federal monies, PANYNJ and other agencies have agreed to facilitate on-the-job training and apprenticeship programs, as called for in the Civil Rights Act. Since the government agencies have refused to adopt this approach, this action seeks to force on-the-job training programs as an alternative employment practice so minorities in impoverished communities can compete on ability rather than skin color or ethnicity.

The motion includes research done by the Brooklyn-based Justice Mapping Systems, which produced maps highlighting commuting distances to large public works projects from disadvantaged neighborhoods. The maps were overlaid with poverty, unemployment, education and racial statistics. JMS’s Eric Cadora said, “The same small number of Community Districts continue to experience multiple, overlapping conditions of distress. These neighborhoods continue to prove resistant to superficial reform efforts, which fail to combine ongoing training, support services, and a credible pathway to employment.”

“Projects that are surrounded by disadvantaged communities include mandates to assist minorities, yet these communities continue to fall further into social and economic isolation,” said Benjamin. “These mandates have been in place for over 50 years, yet there are still no on-the-job training programs to help these communities.”

The motion advocates adding on-the-job apprenticeships as an alternative employment practice to what the agencies do today “to address and correct the inequity and foster equal employment,” and that any other solution, meaning relying solely on Minority Business Enterprise percentage goals, “will fail because local residents lack the minimum training and preparation needed to be eligible for the jobs that become available.”


Supplemental Information attached:

  1. Memorandum in support of Plaintiff’s Motion for Injunction:
  2. Motion for Judgement for a Preliminary Injunction and in Opposition to Motion t Dismiss:
  3. Statistically Based and Info-Graphical Analysis:


Daniel Odescalchi